How the letters were named – Uppercase and Lowercase.
How the letters were named – Uppercase and Lowercase.

We all use fonts daily. There are several fonts online which can be used to make the content relevant. All the letters in the fonts fall in 2 categories – Capital & Small letters. 

These letters are categorised as:
Upper case — For capital letters (ABCDEF)
Lower case — For small letters (abcdef)

Upper case letters were also called ‘majuscule’ and lower case as ‘miniscule’.

But why is it called a “Letter case” ?
That is because it has a physical value to it.
When printing press were starting over the world (they started in Germany for English letters) they used to arrange the letters in a wooden case, so that’s why they named it letter case – i.e. a case containing the letters.

 Case containing upper case letters

A wooden case with Capital letters, it was kept in the top drawer, that’s why they named it- Upper case.
Lower case letters in a drawer

Small letters were kept in a drawer (case) under the one with Capital letters, so they named it Lower case letters.

A wooden case with Capital letters, it was kept in the top drawer, that’s why they named it- Upper case.

Small letters were kept in a drawer (case) under the one with Capital letters, so they named it Lower case letters.

In the wooden drawers, capital letters were kept in a case which was situated above the ones in small letters. So, they named the Capital letters as Uppercase and Small letters as Lowercase.

Uppercase
— Note that they are all of the same height.  

(Capital letters)

 uppercase letters

 Lowercase — Note that they can be of different heights.  

(Small letters)

lowercase letters

Quite simple history behind the names, ain’t it?

If you have any view over it, or something to add to this, do let us know.

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